Written by Crystal Ortiz. Updated on 13, October 2021
For an established site, reviewing the content on your website can be quite a hefty challenge. Over time, content can become outdated, irrelevant, and overpowered by competitor content. Additionally, as content teams mature in size, expertise, and structure, your quality guidelines, formatting, and other aspects of published content may have changed.
Thus, the need for a content audit.
Specifically regarding SEO, a content audit is an SEO task in which you evaluate the current content on your website, blog and landing pages. You can include everything from body content to titles and descriptions, header tags, structured data, and ALT tags. Basically, anything that includes content can be addressed throughout this exercise.
It can also be helpful to review other content types such as your email and social media. Look for consistency and opportunities to influence how your social media users are searching for your content and interacting with your brand.
But, that’s another subject for another time.
Here are some great examples of why you might decide to perform a content audit for your website:
A content audit can help you understand how your efforts have impacted your website thus far. You’ll be able to see what content is working or not working, any issues with your pages (like content cannibalization), and how you can improve your content to stay in alignment with your current business goals.
The main purpose of your content audit is to learn how you can improve your website by optimizing the content you already have and by adding or removing any content based on your findings.
Content audits can also provide direction at specific milestones. Every 6 months, for example, you can evaluate what to focus on next to remain focused on your customer and competitive in your niche.
"Doing SEO content audits helps us identify key opportunities for optimizing our website content. By doing a thorough competitor and keyword gap analysis, we are able to focus on keywords and topics that bring in quality organic traffic, drive conversions, and increase revenue. Mapping topics for client avatars at different stages of the buyer’s journey and keeping search intent and SEO best practices in mind also helps bring value to our readers, which ultimately increases brand awareness and customer loyalty."
Content audits are performed after your site has already been active for a certain amount of time (usually 3-6 months minimum) and you’re looking to review and improve the efforts you’ve already made.
If you’re just starting from scratch, you won’t have enough data to perform a content audit. Instead, you’ll want to perform keyword research and create an outline of your website based on that research, your business objectives, and other factors.
Remember, you’ll want to perform a content audit when:
Before you start your audit and as you’re going through the exercise, here are some of the things to look for:
While there’s a lot to look for throughout your audit, remember that you can isolate a particular area of the content audit, depending on your access to resources and your timeline.
For example, it might be easier to only focus on poor-performing content, then go back later to address keyword cannibalization. It’s perfectly okay to pick a specific focus for your audit if you’re in a crunch for time or if you prefer to work that way.
Ultimately, remember that your content audit is looking for areas of improvement. You can create a dashboard and review your GA and GSC data to see any of the items mentioned above, then evaluate which pages need which improvements.
Tory Gray, from The Gray Dot Company, explains her process.
“[For a content audit], I typically create a dashboard of results by URL, pulling in metrics from GA (Sessions and Conversion data for all users and organic users), GSC (Impressions & Clicks), and Ahrefs (Backlink data), plus normal SEO things like the title, description, H1, and word count. Then, I use filters and ordering to identify non-performers across all metrics; those are prime targets for removal.
I pull in all user data and organic data to ensure I'm thinking through business value, not just SEO value. High business value but low SEO value likely means we work to improve a page, for example. Clients are a lot more comfortable removing content that has driven little-to-no total traffic or conversions vs. just low-SEO-performers.
The dashboard also helps content marketers identify top performers, for a deeper analysis on why they perform well, so we can replicate those wins across more content. And vice versa - what are content things we attempted, that just truly aren't working, so we can let them go?
Another point would be to clarify that the dashboard is intended as a starting point, not a final plan. This data can and should be married with Editorial, Brand, and CRO expertise (as needed) to make it really viable.
To do this, we present the dashboard to the various stakeholders and work with them to incorporate their own data points - like pointing out articles that aren't well-aligned with the target audience, or the tone is wrong, it's really dated, etc...
Cannibalization data is great to pull in when possible... Anything that's cannibalized (that's not due to brand) would get a deeper dive.”
That said, here’s a deeper dive into some of the items you’ll want to look into, and which reports in SEOTesting.com can help you...
One thing you’ll want to look for in your audit is poor-performing content. There are several ways to do this.
At SEOtesting.com, the Content Quality Report makes it easy to find which pages have the lowest clicks and impressions within the last 90 days.
You can also use Google Analytics and Google Search Console directly, or connect them to a tool like ScreamingFrog or Sitebulb to see which pages contribute to the largest and smallest number of impressions and clicks.
As you’re reviewing your Content Quality Report, look to see which pages you’ll want to improve, redirect, or delete.
Here’s what to do:
Often, SEO teams get into the habit of focusing solely on ranking for specific keywords.
When that happens, the content team is directed to create the same or similar content, again and again, targeting the same keywords and thus, creating competing content within its own content pool.
This is called content cannibalization or keyword cannibalization. Essentially, it’s content that competes with itself for the same keywords. Your content audit can help you find which content is competing with itself.
The Cannibalization Report in our SEO Testing tool can easily show you which pages compete for the same keywords across your entire site. You can use this report to understand which content could be merged, internally linked, reused, removed, or organized differently to reduce the number of competing keywords.
Here’s what to do with your keyword cannibalization findings:
Ultimately, your cannibalization report should help you find areas where you can create stronger relevance for fewer content pieces.
What might you look at when attempting to improve the click-through rate? First, understand what is and how it’s affected.
CTR is the number of clicks your page received compared to its number of impressions. So, if you had a high number of impressions, but think you should have received more clicks, there are a few steps you can take.
Here’s how to address low CTR:
With the Top Query Per Page Report, you can easily see which queries correspond with which page. This will give you an opportunity to understand if you’re matching search intent, or if you can optimize your titles, descriptions, ALT tags, or header tags further.
What are striking distance keywords? Striking distance keywords are keywords your website ranks for on page 2 or 3. In other words, they are within striking distance of appearing on page 1 for a target query.
During your content audit, you should check to see which pages are just shy of reaching the 1st page in the search results for your desired keyword.
Here’s what the Striking Distance Keywords Report looks like at seotesting.com.
What to do with your content after finding your striking distance keywords:
Lastly, use your content audit to see which pages have a high bounce rate, or instances where users only interact with that page versus multiple pages.
If you’re using GA4, you can review the Average Engagement Time versus Bounce Rate to a similar effect.
This could indicate that your content lacks engagement, is not what the user was looking for, or that you’re missing opportunities to convert your customers.
How to find and act on a high bounce rate:
After your content audit is complete, you should have an idea of what content needs changing and why. What you’ll want to do now is test those changes to see if your optimizations led to measurable increases (or decreases) in performance.
"A successful audit requires a balance of strategic business thinking, SEO expertise, and communication skills. Audit templates or checklists can be used to have a full overview of possible issues that may arise. However, at the end of the day, the selection of the checks made and the prioritization of the tasks in the delivery sheet must be aligned with the specifics of the situation. If one is not able to transfer the impact of the implementation of each activity to the client, an audit is a worthless investment."
Here’s what you’ll do to make sure your content audit has an impact:
It’s true, content audits are tough work. Sometimes they involve not only the SEO team but clients as well. It’s easy for clients to get attached to the way things have always been done, but it’s usually worth exploring what aspects your of content need improving.
We find that our clients become very protective about the content they’ve created, which is human nature and understandable. They’ve invested time and money into creating the content, so it’s difficult for them to part with it. We try to limit subjective opinions about a piece of content. We do that by combining quantitative data (i.e. content inventory together with page views, CTRs, conversions, etc.) with qualitative data (is the content up-to-date, who’s the audience, stage in the funnel, is the purpose of the page clear, etc.).
Quantitative data takes the emotion out but doesn’t tell the full story. We’ve had clients who want to skip the qualitative analysis because it’s ‘too much work’. But this is a critical step as this information helps us determine if a piece of content’s poor performance could be due to issues such as being out of date, doesn’t meet user intent, and so on. Conversely, our analysis might find a strong performing piece of content but doesn’t suit the target audience or it’s no longer relevant to the business, in which case the content has to go. We then give each piece of content a final grade of: “bin it,” “keep as is,” “clean up” or “combine it” (take the good bits and add to another page).
Whether you’re looking to rebrand, improve site performance, or see where your next content opportunities might be hiding, a content audit is useful for gauging where you are now and where you’re headed in the future.
An important thing to remember is to track and measure the impact of your content audit changes. You can use split tests, time-based tests, and annotations to measure, track, and compare results until your next audit.
Did you find this helpful? Pass this along to help your team prepare for the next big content audit.